Once native to Britain, for centuries beavers were excessively hunted for their pelts, meat and scent glands, finally becoming extinct in the 16th century. Back in 2009 they were reintroduced to the UK when 11 beavers were released in Knapdale forest, Scotland. The project aimed to see if the animals could survive and if there presence would benefit conversation and the environment. After five years the beavers had successfully bred and the dams and canals they built were considered beneficial to the environment.
Since the success of the Scottish Beaver Trial, other areas of the UK have gradually released these large rodents into their waterways. But not everybody is happy about the reunion: farmers, landowners and anglers have concerns. Tree felling and dam building by beavers can be destructive and cause flooding. Fishermen fear the presence of beaver can alter fish migration and their dams could block essential spawning routes. There are also fears beaver will spread disease, including a particular tapeworm that can be fatal to humans.
This said, experts believe beaver to be ecosystem engineers. The dams they build slow the flow of water from high ground thus decreasing the risk of flooding. These dams also act as a filtering system for pollution in our waterways. And beaver habitats benefit and encourage other species. Back in August 2020 these buck toothed rodents were granted permanent residence in the river Otter, East Devon. After a five year trial water quality was up, risk of flooding was improved and other species were thriving.
Now after 800 years beaver are returning to Derbyshire, to an area less than 6 miles from my home. Two companies have granted Derbyshire Wildlife Trust £140,000. The money will be spent introducing two family of beaver to 20 acres of protected wetland in Derbyshire. A high risk flood area, the hope is the dams they build will divert water away from the village and instead onto wetland. The new residents will hopefully be arriving from Scotland as early as November 2020. There are also plans to build a visitor centre and circular walk to enable people to get up close to nature and these new residents.
So I would like to say a big hello to our two local beaver families.
The first supermoon of the decade will be visible this weekend. Peaking around 0733 GMT (0233 EST) on Sunday 9th February 2020. The second full moon of the year, will be the first of four supermoons this year.
Scientifically known as perigee syzygy, the term supermoon was first used in 1979. It refers to a full moon at least 90 percent or closer to perigee. The moon obits Earth in an ellipse (oval). The farthest point called the apogee is approximately 253,000 miles (405,500 kilometres) from Earth. Perigee is the closest point, about 226,000 miles (363,300 kilometres) from Earth. Syzygy is the geometric alignment of celestial bodies, in this instance the Sun, Moon, and Earth.
A supermoon can appear 14 percent larger, and up to 30 percent brighter than a standard full moon. Due to the increased gravitational pull of a supermoon stronger high tides are normal, however: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, fires, severe weather, and extreme flooding are a myth.
The modern calendar is based on the length of time it takes the earth to orbit the sun, known as a solar year. In ancient times people more often traced the seasons by following the moon orbiting the earth, known as a lunisolar calender or lunar month. Across Europe and America, settlers used features associated with the season to name the full moon of each month of the year.
used by Anglo-Saxons referring to howling wolves
Moon After Yule, Old Moon, Ice Moon
Used by Native American tribes referring to snowy conditions
Hunger Moon, Storm Moon, Chaste Moon
referring to the appearance of earthworms at the end of winter
representing pink flowers called phlox that bloom in early spring (also used to calculate Easter, known as Paschal Moon)
Sprouting Grass Moon, Fish Moon, Hare Moon, Egg Moon
signifying the array of flowers that bloom in May
Corn Planting Moon, Milk Moon
a reference to strawberry season
Hot Moon, Mead Moon, Rose Moon
referring to the new antlers emerging on the foreheads of deer buck
Thunder Moon, Wort Moon, Hay Moon
referring to the large number of fish in the lakes where the Algonquin tribes fished
Green Corn Moon, Barley Moon, Fruit Moon, Grain Moon
the Old Farmers Almanic refer to the Old English/Anglo-Saxon name
Corn Moon, Full Corn Moon, Barley Moon
people in the Northern Hemisphere traditionally spent this month hunting, slaughtering and preserving meat to eat throughout the winter
Dying Grass Moon, Blood Moon, Sanguine Moon
representing beavers become more active in preparation for winter
Frosty Moon, Oak Moon, Mourning Moon
Moon Before Yule
The Old English/Anglo-Saxon name referring to Christmas
Ancient Names of Months
Julius Caesar introduced the Julian Calendar in 45 BC, replacing the complicated Roman calendar based on phases of the moon. From this tine forward Latin month names gradually replaced ancient full moon names.
I was eight when the Great Storm of October 1987 blew in from the channel, battering our three storey town house near the Solent. It was gone midnight when the lashing of rain and wind rattling the window panes roused me, the noise outside like an unleveled washing machine on spin cycle.
At that time, me and my older sister shared a bedroom in the basement. My parents at the top of the house seemed a long way to tread shivering in my nightdress, instead choosing as I often did, to pull my torch from beside my bed and read a few pages of my book. The trail of words in black ink against white page soon blurred and I drifted into contented sleep, the sound of the storm like a lullaby.
A study published March 8th 2017 suggests the storm that woke me, may have also helped me drift back into slumber. So here is a little bit of simplified science to explain. Colour is used by scientists to categorize sound. White noise is a consistent static sound like the whir of a fan or hum of an air conditioning unit. They can aid sleep by drowning out the sounds that wake us, or prevent us from dropping off in the first place – a barking dog, the slam of a door, a partner snoring. Natural sounds like babbling brooks, crashing ocean waves, falling rain, whispering winds or brutal gales are known as pink noise – sounds with a consistent frequency. These sounds slow and regulate brain waves and are associated with a deep phase of sleep, which leave us feeling fresh and well rested when we wake.