The first supermoon of the decade will be visible this weekend. Peaking around 0733 GMT (0233 EST) on Sunday 9th February 2020. The second full moon of the year, will be the first of four supermoons this year.
Scientifically known as perigee syzygy, the term supermoon was first used in 1979. It refers to a full moon at least 90 percent or closer to perigee. The moon obits Earth in an ellipse (oval). The farthest point called the apogee is approximately 253,000 miles (405,500 kilometres) from Earth. Perigee is the closest point, about 226,000 miles (363,300 kilometres) from Earth. Syzygy is the geometric alignment of celestial bodies, in this instance the Sun, Moon, and Earth.
A supermoon can appear 14 percent larger, and up to 30 percent brighter than a standard full moon. Due to the increased gravitational pull of a supermoon stronger high tides are normal, however: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, fires, severe weather, and extreme flooding are a myth.
The modern calendar is based on the length of time it takes the earth to orbit the sun, known as a solar year. In ancient times people more often traced the seasons by following the moon orbiting the earth, known as a lunisolar calender or lunar month. Across Europe and America, settlers used features associated with the season to name the full moon of each month of the year.
|January||Wolf Moon||used by Anglo-Saxons referring to howling wolves||Moon After Yule, Old Moon, Ice Moon|
|February||Snow Moon||Used by Native American tribes referring to snowy conditions||Hunger Moon, Storm Moon, Chaste Moon|
|March||Worm Moon||referring to the appearance of earthworms at the end of winter||Crow Moon, Crust Moon, Sap Moon, Sugar Moon, Chaste Moon, Lenten Moon|
|April||Pink Moon||representing pink flowers called phlox that bloom in early spring|
(also used to calculate Easter, known as Paschal Moon)
|Sprouting Grass Moon, Fish Moon, Hare Moon, Egg Moon |
|May||Flower Moon||signifying the array of flowers that bloom in May||Corn Planting Moon, Milk Moon|
|June||Strawberry Moon||a reference to strawberry season||Hot Moon, Mead Moon, Rose Moon|
|July||Buck Moon||referring to the new antlers emerging on the foreheads of deer buck||Thunder Moon, Wort Moon, Hay Moon|
|August||Sturgeon Moon||referring to the large number of fish in the lakes where the Algonquin tribes fished||Green Corn Moon, Barley Moon, Fruit Moon, Grain Moon|
|September||Harvest Moon||the Old Farmers Almanic refer to the Old English/Anglo-Saxon name||Corn Moon, Full Corn Moon, Barley Moon|
|October||Hunters Moon||people in the Northern Hemisphere traditionally spent this month hunting, slaughtering and preserving meat to eat throughout the winter||Dying Grass Moon, Blood Moon, Sanguine Moon|
|November||Beaver Moon||representing beavers become more active in preparation for winter||Frosty Moon, Oak Moon, Mourning Moon|
|December||Moon Before Yule||The Old English/Anglo-Saxon name referring to Christmas||Cold Moon|
Julius Caesar introduced the Julian Calendar in 45 BC, replacing the complicated Roman calendar based on phases of the moon. From this tine forward Latin month names gradually replaced ancient full moon names.