Posted in Social Issues

Compensation Rights, Extraordinary Circumstances, and Brexit

Image by StockSnap from Pixabay

Storm Ciara wreaked havoc over the UK this weekend, leaving airlines in a bit of a flap with countless cancelations and delays. Safety should of course be paramount. But for customers it is at best inconvenient and at worst catastrophic. So what are aviation consumer rights amid extraordinary circumstances, and what affect will Brexit have?

When you’re hit by flight cancellations and delays we think airlines should step up and compensate you automatically.


Extraordinary circumstances are events considered out of the airlines control, responsible for the delay or cancellation of a flight.

A List of Extraordinary Circumstances

  • political or civil unrest
  • extreme weather
  • bird strikes
  • security threats
  • natural disasters
  • disease outbreaks
  • drone disruption
  • air traffic control restrictions
  • foreign and commonwealth office bans

If this is the case airlines do not have to pay compensation, but passengers are entitled to assistance for delays of 2 hours or more. This includes: phone calls, emails, faxes, food, refreshments and hotel accommodation.

It is worth challenging extraordinary circumstances, as airlines sometimes attempt to push the definition boundaries (if other flights took off during storm Ciara why didn’t yours). The airline will have to provide evidence that extraordinary circumstances applied, and delays/cancelations were unavoidable. Airline staff strikes/shortages, technical problems, and knock-on delays are not extraordinary circumstances and passengers should be compensated.

To make a claim for compensation write a letter to the airline, including flight number, a copy of your ticket, and why you should be compensated. Claims can be made up to six years later. If you are still not happy you can appeal the decision, using an alternative dispute resolution scheme or ombudsman service. Independent third parties either mediate communication between the complainant and company until a satisfactory outcome is achieved, or considers the facts and makes a legally binding decision (known as arbitration).

How Does Brexit Affect Consumer Rights?

Although many consumer rights are based on EU directives, most have been incorporated into UK law and will stay the same after the UK leaves the EU on the 31 January 2020. The European Union Withdrawal Act will come into force when the UK leaves. EU law will continue to apply at least until the end of the transition period, and existing EU laws will stay the same, unless the UK government decides to change them through parliament.

Copy of Denied Boarding EU Regulation (Regulation 261/2004 EC)

Posted in Natural World

Spot Sundays Snow Supermoon

Image by Steve Buissinne from Pixabay

The first supermoon of the decade will be visible this weekend. Peaking around 0733 GMT (0233 EST) on Sunday 9th February 2020. The second full moon of the year, will be the first of four supermoons this year.

Scientifically known as perigee syzygy, the term supermoon was first used in 1979. It refers to a full moon at least 90 percent or closer to perigee. The moon obits Earth in an ellipse (oval). The farthest point called the apogee is approximately 253,000 miles (405,500 kilometres) from Earth. Perigee is the closest point, about 226,000 miles (363,300 kilometres) from Earth. Syzygy is the geometric alignment of celestial bodies, in this instance the Sun, Moon, and Earth.

A supermoon can appear 14 percent larger, and up to 30 percent brighter than a standard full moon. Due to the increased gravitational pull of a supermoon stronger high tides are normal, however: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, fires, severe weather, and extreme flooding are a myth.

The modern calendar is based on the length of time it takes the earth to orbit the sun, known as a solar year. In ancient times people more often traced the seasons by following the moon orbiting the earth, known as a lunisolar calender or lunar month. Across Europe and America, settlers used features associated with the season to name the full moon of each month of the year.

JanuaryWolf Moonused by Anglo-Saxons referring to howling wolvesMoon After Yule, Old Moon, Ice Moon
FebruarySnow MoonUsed by Native American tribes referring to snowy conditionsHunger Moon, Storm Moon, Chaste Moon
MarchWorm Moonreferring to the appearance of earthworms at the end of winterCrow Moon, Crust Moon, Sap Moon, Sugar Moon, Chaste Moon, Lenten Moon
AprilPink Moonrepresenting pink flowers called phlox that bloom in early spring
(also used to calculate Easter, known as Paschal Moon)
Sprouting Grass Moon, Fish Moon, Hare Moon, Egg Moon
MayFlower Moonsignifying the array of flowers that bloom in MayCorn Planting Moon, Milk Moon
JuneStrawberry Moona reference to strawberry seasonHot Moon, Mead Moon, Rose Moon
JulyBuck Moonreferring to the new antlers emerging on the foreheads of deer buckThunder Moon, Wort Moon, Hay Moon
AugustSturgeon Moonreferring to the large number of fish in the lakes where the Algonquin tribes fishedGreen Corn Moon, Barley Moon, Fruit Moon, Grain Moon
SeptemberHarvest Moonthe Old Farmers Almanic refer to the Old English/Anglo-Saxon nameCorn Moon, Full Corn Moon, Barley Moon
OctoberHunters Moonpeople in the Northern Hemisphere traditionally spent this month hunting, slaughtering and preserving meat to eat throughout the winterDying Grass Moon, Blood Moon, Sanguine Moon
NovemberBeaver Moonrepresenting beavers become more active in preparation for winterFrosty Moon, Oak Moon, Mourning Moon
DecemberMoon Before YuleThe Old English/Anglo-Saxon name referring to ChristmasCold Moon
Ancient Names of Months

Julius Caesar introduced the Julian Calendar in 45 BC, replacing the complicated Roman calendar based on phases of the moon. From this tine forward Latin month names gradually replaced ancient full moon names.